light of the International Olympic Committee's recent discussion
to drop the Modern Pentathlon from the Olympic Games, the
President of the United States Sports Academy, Dr. Thomas
P. Rosandich and editors of the Sport Journal feel it timely
and important to publish this Special Edition to bring
attention to this grave matter. We add our support to retain
the Modern Pentathlon as a vital and historic event in the
are reprinting opinions of several International Olympic Committee
members. The first is an abridged letter from Klaus Schormann,
President of the Union Internationale De Penthathlon Moderne.
President Schormann's letter is addressed to the President
of the International Olympic Committee, Jacques Rogge.
5 November 2002
purpose of this article is to present a review of the literature
related to the study of service quality. This article reviews
the discussions of the conceptualization and operationalization
aspects of consumers' perceptions of service quality. It reviews
several models used in the past by researchers as well as
more recent approaches that have been utilized to better understand
the constructs of service and service quality and the different
concepts used to measure them.
©2002 Adam Epstein, J.D./M.B.A.
Removed due to copyright until advised otherwise.
According to many studies, basketball is the most popular
sport among Taiwanese Youth (Wu, 1998; Liang, 2000, &
Yu, 2000). Despite this, there are not many junior high schools
that were willing to organize teams. Of the 724 junior high
schools in Taiwan, only 16 teams (2.2%) had participated in
the Division-I Basketball Tournament. These select few also
do not have to compete in the local or regional levels to
earn their playoff bids. Like most high school programs in
the United States (Unknown, 1984; & Norwood, 1987) without
a sufficient budget, finding proper coaching staffs to guide
interscholastic sports is a difficult task for most Taiwanese
secondary schools. Although 16 schools had hired their coaches
and enjoyed Division-I competition, the qualifications of
these coaches were often overlooked.
economic value of media rights fees and luxury suites in professional
sports are enormous. As a result of increasing revenue in
professional sports, team values have risen and will continue
to rise to unpredictable levels.
purpose of this study was to examine the economic values of
media revenue, luxury suites, and club seats in North American
professional football, baseball, basketball, and hockey franchises.
Secondary data from league offices and networks were used
to further describe the significance of media and luxury seats
revenues to professional sport franchises, and their symbiotic
Objective. To determine the prevalence, knowledge, and attitudes
regarding anabolic steroids among pre-adolescent athletes
and to compare our findings with a similar survey done in
A survey of 1,553 pre-adolescent (10 to 14 year-old) athletes
from 34 states.
this paper, the authors analyze the effects of Taekwondo training
on personality. The authors found that Taekwondo participants
realize, that in addition to the physical training, Taekwondo
emphasizes concentration, self-control and self-discipline.
Other researchers suggest that Taekwondo training has many
psychological benefits, such as enhanced self-esteem, self-concept,
reduced aggressiveness, decreased anxiety, increase in personal
independence, and ability to take a leadership role. Taekwondo
training might be used as a therapeutic program.
concept of leadership has gained a large amount of attention
in recent years. This paper investigated the relationships
between transformational leadership and organizational effectiveness
in the field of recreational sport and leisure. First, it
reviewed a discussion on the problem of organizational leadership
from the perspective of the transactional-transformational
model, particularly the arguments of researchers such as Burns
and Bass. It examined the components of transformational leadership,
then investigated several approaches regarding the conceptualization
and measurement of organizational effectiveness. Finally,
it looked at the controversy concerning the impact of transformational
leadership upon organizational effectiveness. It argued that
greater transformational leadership seems to be at least indirectly
related to a higher degree of organizational effectiveness.
Article is copyright, please reevaluate
this paper, we describe a study in which we investigate attitudes
held by student-athletes and non-athlete students towards
academic and athletic success. Athletic success is largely
viewed in the United States as a vehicle for disadvantaged
students to attain higher education. Most colleges and universities
in the U.S. have admittance programs in which a designated
percent of students who do not meet standard admissions criteria
are allowed to enroll. According to the National Collegiate
Athletic Association (1995), about 3% of all students enter
college under these programs. However, more than 20% of college
football and basketball players enter universities under special
admittance programs (Lapchick 1995). Thus, athletic prowess
may allow for an increased opportunity for education.